Agarwood is a resinous wood that forms in species of Aquilaria, Gyrinops and several other genera native to Southeast Asia. These species produce a dark aromatic resin in response to infection by a type of fungal mould. The resin-embedded wood, called agarwood, is highly valued for its fragrance and is used to produce incense, perfumes and various other products. Prices of up to US$2 million per kg of woodchips have been recorded for the highest quality agarwood.
Source: ITTO, CITES
Release Date: 2015
Download Original: Report of the Asian Regional Workshop on the Management of Wild and Planted Agarwood Taxa
Agarwood as an Endangered Species
Aquilaria malaccensis, the primary source of agarwood, was listed in Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) in 1995. All other agarwood-producing species of the genera Aquilaria and Gyrinops were listed in Appendix II in 2004, and their listings entered into force on 12 January 2005.
Over the years, range States and importing countries have made significant progress in implementing CITES in relation to agarwood‐producing tree species. This workshop was organized by the secretariats of CITES and the International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO) and hosted by the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change of the Government of India. CITES and ITTO jointly funded the workshop, the latter through the ITTO–CITES Programme, a long‐running collaborative effort funded by a range of donors led by the European Union to build capacity to implement CITES listings of tropical tree species.
Opening remarks were made by S.B. Negi, Additional Director, Wildlife Crime Control Bureau in the Government of India; Milena Sosa Schmidt, Scientific Support Officer for Flora, CITES Secretariat; Steven Johnson, Assistant Director of Trade and Industry, ITTO Secretariat; and D. Mathur, Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests, Assam.